Krishnamurthi N, Schopfer DW, Ahi T, Bettencourt M, Piros K, Ringer R, Shen H, Kehler JP, Whooley MA. Predictors of Patient Participation and Completion of Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation in the Veterans Health Administration for Patients With Coronary Heart Disease. The American journal of cardiology. 2019 Jan 1; 123(1):19-24.
Abstract: Traditional, facility-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is vastly underutilized in the United States. The Veterans Health Administration (VA) has developed new home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) programs to address this issue. However, the characteristics of patients who choose HBCR are unknown. We sought to determine predictors of participation and completion of HBCR at the San Francisco VA (SFVA). We evaluated patients hospitalized for ischemic heart disease between 2013 and 2016 at SFVA. Logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of participation and completion of HBCR. In 724 patients with ischemic heart disease who were eligible for CR between 2013 and 2016, 314 (43%) enrolled in HBCR. Older age was associated with lower odds of participation in HBCR (odds ratio [OR] 0.84; p <0.01). Additionally, patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were twice as likely as those with percutaneous coronary intervention to participate in HBCR (OR 2.03; 95% confidence interval 1.40, 2.97). In HBCR participants, 48% (150/314) completed =9 sessions. Patients with CABG were twice as likely as those with percutaneous coronary intervention to complete the HBCR program (OR 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.18, 3.44). There were no differences in participation or completion rates by gender, race, ethnicity, or rurality. Our study showed that the SFVAMC HCBR program achieved a 43% participation rate, well above the VA average of 13%. There were no disparities by gender, race, or rurality in terms of participation and adherence. CABG as the indication for CR was the most significant predictor of participation and completion of HBCR.